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Which cloud is most closely associated with precipitation?
Cumulus clouds are created by strong updrafts of warm, moist air. Most forms of heavy precipitation fall from cumulus clouds.
Which of the following lapse rate represents the greatest temperature change over altitude?
|The hydrologic cycle refers to the ________.||unending circulation of Earth’s water supply|
|Which of the following lapse rates represents the greatest temperature change over altitude?||dry adiabatic|
|Which of the following cloud types has the greatest height (from top to bottom of the cloud)?||cumulonimbus|
Meteorology p7 – precipitation
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When air is heated enough so that it is warmer than the surrounding air it is?
When air holds as much water vapor as it can for a given temperature (100% relative humidity), it is said to be saturated. If saturated air is warmed, it can hold more water (relative humidity drops), which is why warm air is used to dry objects–it absorbs moisture.
When rising air reaches the condensation level or dew point?
The altitude at which rising air cools to and reaches the dew point is called the Lifted Condensation Level, or the LCL. This is the point where rising air starts to form clouds and is also the point where the cooling rate changes from the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate to the Saturated Adiabatic Lapse Rate.
What type of clouds are rain clouds?
One of the clouds that are most related to rain and precipitation is the cumulonimbus. That’s why it’s called like that. Nimbus comes from nimbo, which means rain cloud.
Do nimbostratus clouds produce precipitation?
These mid-level clouds are often accompanied by continuous moderate rain or snow and appear to cover most of the sky. Nimbostratus will often bring precipitation which may last for several hours until the associated front passes over.
When the air temperature and dew point temperature are equal?
If the air temperature becomes equal to the dewpoint, the air is saturated (holding all the water vapor that it can hold), and the relative humidity becomes 100%. Any additional cooling means that BOTH the air temperature and the dewpoint temperature must fall together.
Which process forms clouds and precipitation as a result of air ascending over high terrain?
Clouds form by the rising and cooling of air caused by convection, topography, convergence, and frontal lifting. Convection occurs when the Sun’s radiation heats the ground surface, and warm air rises, cooling as it goes.
Which of the following climates does not occur in the southern hemisphere?
Continental climates are not found in the Southern Hemisphere because of the absence of a continent large enough to generate this effect.
What causes precipitation?
Precipitation forms in the clouds when water vapor condenses into bigger and bigger droplets of water. When the drops are heavy enough, they fall to the Earth. If a cloud is colder, like it would be at higher altitudes, the water droplets may freeze to form ice.
What happens to warm air as it rises?
As the warm air rises it cools and condenses to form clouds. Rain falls along the front as long periods of drizzle or steady rain.
When or where is air most likely unstable?
Air is considered unstable, in the lowest layers of an air mass when the air is warmer and or more humid than the surrounding air. When this occurs the air will rise, as that air parcel is warmer than the air surrounding it. In an unstable environment, the weather can change suddenly and can be violent.
Weather Basics: Clouds and Precipitation
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What determines the dew point temperature?
The dew point is affected by humidity. When there is more moisture in the air, the dew point is higher. When the temperature is below the freezing point of water, the dew point is called the frost point, as frost is formed via deposition rather than condensation.
What forms when air reaches its dew point?
Water vapor in the air reaches its dew point as it cools in the air around the can, forming liquid drops of water. Condensation is the process where water vapor becomes liquid.
Where does condensation take place?
Condensation is a change in the state of water from a gas or vapor form into liquid form. It generally happens when vapor in warm air encounters a cool surface. But condensation doesn’t need a solid surface to take place, as it can occur when a warm pocket of water vapor encounters colder gasses.
What makes a rain cloud?
Clouds are made of water droplets. Within a cloud, water droplets condense onto one another, causing the droplets to grow. When these water droplets get too heavy to stay suspended in the cloud, they fall to Earth as rain. Come to think of it, what makes it snow, hail, and sleet?
What is released during precipitation?
Precipitation is water released from clouds in the form of rain, freezing rain, sleet, snow, or hail. It is the primary connection in the water cycle that provides for the delivery of atmospheric water to the Earth.
Which clouds are associated with rain quizlet?
Cumulonimbus clouds are associated with heavy rain, snow, hail, lightning and even tornadoes. The anvil usually points in the direction the storm is moving. low hanging bulges that droop from cumulonimbus clouds.
Do cirrostratus clouds produce precipitation?
Though cirrostratus itself does not produce precipitation, it can indicate whether or not precipitation is likely. If cirrostratus nebulosus exists in the sky it is likely that an incoming warm front will bring persistent rain within a day.
What type of weather is associated with cirrocumulus clouds?
What weather is associated with cirrocumulus clouds? Precipitation from cirrocumulus clouds never reaches the surface, meaning that these clouds are usually associated with fair weather. However, their appearance can often prelude stormy weather, meaning you should make the most of the Sun while you still can.
What kind of weather is associated with cumulonimbus clouds?
Cumulonimbus clouds are associated with extreme weather such as heavy torrential downpours, hail storms, lightning and even tornadoes. Individual cumulonimbus cells will usually dissipate within an hour once showers start falling, making for short-lived, heavy rain.
What is the relationship between dew point and temperature?
Dew point is simply the temperature at which the water vapor condensates to liquid water. The dew point temperature is always less than or equal to the air temperature. At the dew point, the relative humidity is 100% (at constant pressure). So, remember to check the dew point in your morning weather report.
Pressure Systems Part 2 | Meteorology | CPL | By Oxford
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What happens when temperature is below dew point?
The temperature can never go below the dew point. The dew point is the temperature that 100% relative humidity is reached, based on the amount of water vapour in the air. That means that once the temperature drops to that point, the air cannot hold any more water vapour so condensation occurs.
Can the dew point temperature be greater than the air temperature?
Since the relative humidity cannot exceed 100%, the dew point can never be higher than the temperature. Though condensation always occurs when the air is saturated, it does not necessarily result in fog formation.
- clouds form if air is
- most of the earth’s cloudiness results directly from ________.
- most of the earths cloudiness results directly from quizlet
- air containing all of the water vapor it can hold is
- if airs capacity for holding water vapor is diminished then the relative humidity will
- air containing all of the water vapor it can hold is ________.
- a lack of atmospheric buoyancy is called ________.
- when air is heated enough so that it is warmer than the surrounding air it is
- a lack of atmospheric buoyancy is called
- in the atmosphere, liquid water collects around minute particles called
- which is not among the main types of atmospheric lifting and precipitation?
- most of the earth’s cloudiness results directly from quizlet
- in the atmosphere liquid water collects around minute particles called
- which is not among the main types of atmospheric lifting and precipitation
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